During your trip you will discover:
An enchanting and well preserved nature
A rich cultural heritage linked with the famous ‘silk road’
A surprising nomadic way of life connected with mountains and nature
The hospitality of nomad people
The Kyrgyz Republic is situated in the northern part of Central Asia. The country is bordered in its western part by Uzbekistan (1 099 km length), in its northern part by Kazakhstan (1051 km length), in its southern part by Tajikistan (870 km length) and China (858 km length). Kyrgyzstan has a perimeter of 3 878 km and a surface area of 198 500 km².
You can find several mountain range in the country: the Pamir-Alaï one in southwest and the Tien-Shan one in the northwest, with the Pobiedy pick, the highest (7 439 m) of the country. Chains are separated by mountainous valleys and corries. Chuï and Talas valleys stretch for the north, Ferghana valley for the southwest and Alaï valley for the south.
Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country with diversified landscapes, fauna and flora. There is a total of 1 923 lakes which covers a total area of 6 836 km². The main river is Naryn River and the biggest lake is the lake Issyk-Kul.
Even if the summer is hot in Kyrgyzstan, the weather stays cool in the mountains, and the winter is quite cold (especially in the mountains). The temperature fluctuates depending on the season but also during the day. The hottest region is the Fergana Valley but the temperature in Bishkek can easily reach 40°C. The average temperature in January is -15°C but it can reach -28°C in the mountain villages, which are covered in snow. Precipitation can reach 1 500 mm by year in the western part of the country, mainly in winter but are low-level in the Tien-Shan (200—400 mm).
The national language is the Kyrgyz one and the official language is the Russian one.
There are around five millions inhabitants and more than 80 nationalities. 64,9% of them are Kyrgyz, 13,8% Uzbeks, 12,5% Russians and the others are Ukrainians, Tatars, Germans, Kazakhs, Uyghurs, Tajiks, Turks and Dungans.
The plant cover depend on the altitude and the area and can expand until 4 500 m high. If in the deserts, undergrowth of saxaul (Haloxylon persicum, H. aphyllum) is majority, forests and bushes alternate in the valleys and massifs. Higher areas (> 2 500 m) are dominated by coniferous, notably the Tien-Shan fir (Abies sibirica var. semenovii). Higher you can find alpine meadows with numerous and colourful flowers. Among them, you can see a lot of gentians (Gentiana algida, G. olivieri, G. prostrata, G. tianschanica), many buttercups, bellflowers, and sometimes real carpets of edelweiss. In highest altitudes, few flowers and bushes are scattered among a plant cover mainly constituted by mosses and lichens.
The fauna of Kyrgyzstan is of a particular interest. Indeed, many rodents, birds and emblematic species are present in the country. Huge vultures and eagles are gliding above these beautiful mountains on which nimble Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica) and Marco-Polo sheep (Ovis ammon polii) are living. If you are lucky, you can catch sight of the rare and mysterious snow leopard (Uncia uncia), the symbolic animal of Kyrgyzstan who stay present in the highest mountains. Endemic Central-Asian species are present like the snow leopard (Uncia uncia), the maral (Cervus elaphus maral), the Tien-Shan bear (Ursus arctos), the Pallas’ cat (Otocolobus manul), the Koslov’s snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis), the ibisbill (Ibidorhyncha struthersii), the turkestanian salamander (Hynobius turkestanicus) and another rare species present in the UICN Redbook.